The Ransom Center has major manuscript collections for the Spanish-American philosopher, poet, and critic George Santayana (1863-1952); the American Wittgensteinian philosopher and commentator O. K. Bouwsma (1898-1978); the American pragmatist Arthur E. Murphy (1901-1962); the Dublin-born Anglican philosopher Leslie Paul (1905-1985); and the philosopher and classicist Gregory Vlastos (1907-1991). Holdings for the British philosopher Bertrand Russell (1872-1970) include over one thousand of his letters to Lady Ottoline Morrell in addition to manuscript drafts and notebooks. A smaller group of manuscripts represents the work of the eminent British logician L. Susan Stebbing (1885-1943).
Research notes, drafts, and fair copies in the hand of philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) appear in the Ouvrage sur les femmes collection. These materials were produced while Rousseau served as a research assistant for Louise Marie Madeline Fontaine Dupin on her ambitious but unfinished history of women. The papers of philosopher and dramatist Gabriel Marcel (1889-1973), who is generally regarded as the first French existentialist, include over fifty notebooks in which Marcel recorded his daily thoughts and activities and worked out his most pressing philosophical ideas. The Carlton Lake Collection of French Manuscripts contains correspondence and manuscripts by existentialist writers and thinkers Jean-Paul Sartre (1905-1980), Simone de Beauvoir (1908-1986), and Albert Camus (1913-1960).
The Center's book holdings include the Desmond Flower Collection of Voltaire, which consists of more than thirteen hundred and fifty volumes of predominantly eighteenth-century works by and relating to French Enlightenment thinker and writer François Marie Arouet de Voltaire (1694-1778). Rare books and microfilm documenting the history of logic exceed eighteen hundred titles by more than twelve hundred of the authors listed in Wilhelm Risse's Bibliographia Logica, 1500-1800.
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