Harry Ransom CenterThe University of Texas at Austin

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Man and woman with dog. Click to enlarge.

Blanche and Alfred Knopf, early 1920s.
Knopf, Inc. Archive.

Publishing

Literary Agents

The William A. Bradley Agency archive represents the careers of William Aspenwall Bradley (1878-1939) and his wife Jenny Serruys Bradley, the American, Paris-based literary agents whose clientele included Kay Boyle, Aleister Crowley, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ford Madox Ford, Radclyffe Hall, D. H. Lawrence, Sinclair Lewis, Henry Miller, Gertrude Stein, Allen Tate, and Evelyn Waugh, as well as Russian emigré writers. There are extensive correspondence files with French, British, and American publishers as well, notably Alfred A. Knopf Inc. After William's death, Jenny Bradley added new talent to her already distinguished list, handling European rights for Thomas Mann and representing Margaret Mitchell, whose novel Gone With The Wind (1936) had become a cult favorite in France.

Among other literary agents represented by significant archival holdings at the Ransom Center are Morris Colles (1855-1926), Derek Gardner (1960s), David Higham Associates (1951-1994), A. D. Peters (1926-1963), and James B. Pinker (1901-1939). The careers of Graham Greene, Dylan Thomas, Edith Sitwell, and many other prominent writers are documented in the Higham Archive. The A. D. Peters archive is notable for an extensive client list, which included John Collier, Julian Huxley, Arthur Koestler, Liam O'Flaherty, V. S. Pritchett, Terence Rattigan, and Evelyn Waugh.

Magazines & Journals

The archive of Alice Corbin Henderson (1881-1949) documents her editorial involvement in Poetry: A Magazine of Verse (1912-1936), and the seminal The New Poetry: An Anthology (1917, 1923) over which she and co-editor Harriet Monroe eventually fell out. Henderson's library of six hundred fifty volumes, with its wide selection of small literary magazines, is rich in contemporary poetry.

Representing the work of Idella Purnell Stone (1901-1982), poet and editor of Palms (1923-1930), published out of Guadalajara, Mexico, are the magazine's editorial files, correspondence, and numerous manuscripts submitted for review, as well as manuscripts of Stone's own poetry.

The correspondence archive for Echanges: A Quarterly Review of Literature in English and in French, published in Paris (1929-1932) by Allanah Harper (1904-1992), includes letters from many writers associated with the Bloomsbury group, as well as from Gertrude Stein's circle. The archive is complemented by Harper's personal papers.

From 1931 to 1935 Milton A. Abernethy and A. J. Buttitta edited Contempo magazine from their Intimate Bookshop in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Publishing a portion of Joyce's Work in Progress, a special all-Faulkner issue, and two numbers on the Scottsboro trials, they established themselves as both original and controversial. In addition to a complete run of the magazine, Buttitta's collection of literary correspondence is held at the Ransom Center, as well as five hundred twenty-five submitted manuscripts and business papers for the magazine and bookshop.

The partial archive of Edward Weeks (1898-1989), longtime editor of The Atlantic Monthly, contains editorial correspondence (1938-1984) and manuscripts by contributors to the magazine. Thirteen numbers of Nimbus: A Magazine of Literature, the Arts, and New Ideas were issued in Great Britain between 1951 and 1958. Published for John Trafford by the Halcyon Press under the editorial guidance of Tristram Hull and, eventually, David Wright, and now archived here, it grew from a fifteen-page experiment into a showcase of work by British and European writers of distinction. Nimbus continued a tradition of modernism cultivated since World War I, especially by writers of the Bloomsbury group and the Auden generation.

The complete run of the important European Literary review Botteghe Oscure (1948-1960) is complemented by the correspondence of editor Marguerite Caetani (1880-1963) and her assistant, the writer Eugene Walter (1921-1998), regarding the founding of the magazine, as well as manuscripts submitted by American and European writers, including Dylan Thomas, Tennessee Williams, Louis Zukofsky, Edith Sitwell, René Char, Paolo Volponi, and Carlo Levi. The Center also owns the full run of Caetani's earlier publication, Commerce, which ran in Paris from 1924-1932. Production materials and correspondence with contemporary poets and artists comprise the collection of Daisy Aldan (1923-2001), editor of Folder Magazine (1953-1959) and A New Folder (1959).

The archive of El Corno Emplumado, published in Mexico City from 1960 to 1968 under the editorship of Margaret Randall (b. 1936), includes correspondence files, as well as manuscripts of numerous American, Spanish, and Latin American authors.

The archive of author and editor John Lehmann (1907-1987) includes forty-seven hundred pieces of correspondence, as well manuscripts for his essays, lectures, and reviews. Papers relating to the London Magazine (1961-1972) and Lehmann's work for Penguin New Writing are also present.

The archive of The Little Magazine (1965-1988) comprises the correspondence, manuscripts, production files, and business records resulting from the twenty-one year life of the New York periodical.

The publishing archive of the British poetry magazine Littack (1972-76) is joined with production files relating to other periodicals published by the Ember Press.

The archive of the literary periodical Bananas covers the tenure of editor and author Emma Tennant (b. 1937), from 1975-1978. The contents include original manuscripts and typescripts by contributors such as Martin Amis, Beryl Bainbridge, J. G. Ballard, William Burroughs, Angela Carter, Ted Hughes, Ian McEwan, Sylvia Plath, Stephen Spender, and Paul Theroux, as well as financial records and correspondence.

The editorial and production files for the London Review of Books, a journal dedicated to carrying on the tradition of the English essay, cover the years 1979-1994 and include manuscript submissions as well as editorial and business correspondence.

Archives for literary magazines published by The University of Texas Press include American Short Fiction (1991-1998), Research in African Literatures (1970-present), and Texas Quarterly (1958-1978).

Within the Carlton Lake Collection is a group of letters by Jean Paulhan (1884-1968), editor of La Nouvelle Revue Française (1908-1943), complemented by a complete set of the journal. Manuscript materials from the archive of the magazine SIC (1916-1919) and the review Minotaure (1933-1939), the most important publication of the Surrealist movement, are also here.

Publishers' Archives

The extensive Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. Archive(669 boxes) documents the lives of founders Alfred A. (1892-1984) and Blanche W. Knopf (1894-1966). Knopf, Inc. was established by the Knopfs soon after Alfred's graduation from Columbia University and soon became known for its publication of belles-lettres by the most important American, British, and foreign authors. The Knopfs' slogan was "A publisher is known by the company he keeps," and the Knopf pre-war list of authors included Willa Cather, Langston Hughes, Thomas Mann, H. L. Mencken, Kahlil Gibran, and James M. Cain. Post-1945, Blanche Knopf sought out French writers such as Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus and later added Latin American authors (Jorge Amado) and Japanese novelist Yukio Mishima to the fold. Younger Knopf authors included John Updike, Shirley Ann Grau, and Roald Dahl. In addition to decades of personal and business correspondence of the founders, there are diaries, Alfred's unpublished memoirs, appointment books, and a collection of his snapshots (many of Knopf authors), publicity files, and a fifteen-thousand-volume library reflecting the couple's personal interest in fine printing and book design. The archive within an archive of William Addison Dwiggins preserves the book designer's mockups for some of the handsomest books produced by a twentieth-century trade publisher.

In 1837, Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz (1816-1895) founded the Leipzig printing and publishing firm that became famous for its inexpensive English-language editions of English and American authors. Over two thousand of the now rare Tauchnitz editions, recognized for their influence in gaining attention for English-language authors in Europe, are located at the Ransom Center, as well as a substantial collection of papers (1931-1954) associated with Albatross Verlag, the publisher that later absorbed the Tauchnitz firm.

Included in the gathering of over eight hundred fifty Beadle and Adams Dime and Nickel Novels is the first work of the genre: Ann S. Stephens's (1813-1886) Malaeska, the Indian Wife of the White Hunter (1860), as well as original photographs of Beadle author William F. Cody (Buffalo Bill, 1846-1917).

The records of the John Lane Company (1856-1933), the British publisher long associated with the Bodley Head imprint (1887-1921) and The Yellow Book, comprise correspondence, readers' reports, manuscripts, proof copies, financial records, notes, documents, and autobiographical materials.

Files of the publication activities of John Rodker (1894-1955), notably the imprints of The Casanova Society, John Rodker, Pushkin Press, and Imago, are preserved along with Rodker's manuscripts, correspondence, and his personal library. Materials are also present related to Rodker's publication of Eliot's Ara Vos Prec, Pound's Hugh Selwyn Mauberley, and his own Hymns through his Ovid Press.

The Albert Boni Microprint Archive documents the development of the microprint publishing industry, inaugurated by Boni's Little Leather Library (1915), which later expanded into the Modern Library Series.

The P. E. N. International archive, dating from 1921 through 1973, contains correspondence from writer-members, as well as files relating to the political and social activities of this writers' organization.

The archive of Christopher Sandford, editor of the Golden Cockerel Press (1922-1960), contains manuscripts, correspondence, and page proofs, as well as over one hundred fifty of the press's books.

The Harper and Brothers Publishing Archive (1928-1969) reflects the activities of the American book and magazine publisher known after 1962 as Harper and Row. In addition to the immense Harper's magazine files, in which the work of important literary figures of the period is well-represented, the archive includes thousands of letters from persons prominent in government, religion, the arts, and science, whose books were published by the company.

The Nancy Cunard (1896-1965) archive contains publications and correspondence of the Hours Press (the first publisher of Samuel Beckett) begun in 1929 in Paris by Cunard.

The George Macy Companies archive documents the activities of the Limited Editions Club founded in 1929 by George Macy (1900-1969). The sizable archive includes a complete run of both the Limited Editions and the later Heritage Press series, correspondence with illustrators, designers, binders, and printing firms, as well as original artwork in various media by one hundred internationally known artists.

A complete collection of the chapbooks published in the 1940s by the Alicat Book Shop in Yonkers, New York, features established and avant-garde writers such as Djuna Barnes, Anais Nin, and William Carlos Williams. The Center also has the shop's archive of literary correspondence.

Armed Services Editions (1943-1947), the mass-produced paperbound books printed for the relaxation of soldiers and sailors overseas, are represented in a near-complete collection.

Literary and personal letters written to Marilyn Meeske (1957-1991) regard her own publishing and the affairs of Olympia Press.

Production material and correspondence pertaining to the publishing activities of the Anvil Press Poetry from 1965 to 1987.

The archive of the music periodical Soundings (1971-1991), a magazine and small press devoted to avant-garde music, includes publication and correspondence files of editor-publisher, Peter Garland (b. 1952).

The production and editorial archive of the Fiction Collective cooperative (now FC2/Black Ice Books), an independent publishing group founded in 1962 by Ron Sukenick (1932-2004) and others, includes manuscripts, production files, correspondence, books, financial records, and reviews.

The collection from the archive of Steven Moore (b. 1951), a former senior editor of the Review of Contemporary Fiction and Dalkey Archive Press, includes works by and about William Gaddis, Alexander Theroux, Alan Ansen, and William T. Vollmann.

Included in the Carlton Lake Collection are archives of several important French publishers. The papers of Jean-Gabriel Daragnès (1886-1950), painter, book illustrator, designer, and printer, are preserved, as well as a substantial portion of the archive and library of Maurice Darantiere of Dijon, the heroic printer of James Joyce's Ulysses. The publishing archives and the main body of the autograph collection of the Paris publisher and bookdealer Louis Dorbon, and a portion of the archives of J. O. Fourcade, publisher of Henri Michaux, O. W. Milosz, Leon-Paul Fargue, Pierre-Jean Jouve, and others, also form part of the Lake Collection.

Booksellers

The antiquarian book firm, James F. Drake, Inc. (1905-1965), sold its remaining stock and archives to the Center when it ceased business in 1965. Among the firm's prominent customers were Herschel V. Jones, Jerome Kern, and Owen D. Young. Records of transactions at the Gotham Book Mart (1920-1981), a key center for modern literature founded by Frances Steloff in 1920 and now owned by Andreas Brown are housed at the Center. The Sunwise Turn Book Shop archive (1916-1923) documents the efforts of Madge Jenison and Mary Mobray-Clarke to operate an independent bookstore in New York City in the 1910s. An actual door removed from the Greenwich Village Bookshop (flourished 1920s) has been signed by a number of famous writers and artists.

Files relating to the infamous forgeries and thefts of bibliographer and bookdealer Thomas J. Wise (1859-1937) chronicle the dealings of Wise and the investigations that led to his discovery. These include Wise's voluminous correspondence with J. H. Wrenn, whose library, acquired by the Center in 1918, contains nearly 100 examples of the Wiseian forgeries, as well as papers of John Carter and Graham Pollard, the authors of An Enquiry into the Nature of Certain Nineteenth Century Pamphlets (1934), Fannie Ratchford, and William B. Todd.