The Spread of Printing: Northern Europe
St. Albans, England, U.K.
London, England, U.K.
1480—The first printing press is established in the city of London.
1458—Charles VII, the king of France, mandated an agent to go to Mainz to learn the art of printing which had recently been invented by Johann Gutenberg. This is the first time Gutenberg is acknowledged as the inventor of printing and demonstrates France's initial interest in learning the art of printing.
1470—The first book printed in France was issued from a Parisian press in Latin, rather than French.
1474—The first Englishman to print, William Caxton, produces the first book printed in the English language while working in Belgium.
1474—The first illustrated book printed with moveable type in the Netherland is produced, containing fifteen woodcuts.
Gouda, The Netherlands
1480—A book of animal fables becomes the first completely illustrated book to be produced by a Dutch press. The 121 illustrations were made with woodcuts.
Utrecht, The Netherlands
Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Zwolle, The Netherlands
Deventer, The Netherlands
1466—Printing spreads to Cologne.
1472—Printed notations appear on the quires of a book for the first time to show the order in which the pages were to be arranged.
1455—The Gutenberg Bible is printed by Johann Gutenberg on the first printing press with movable type.
1457—The first known piece of medical printing is the 1457 Mainz Kalendar.
1462—The earliest know printed book dealing exclusively with music appears in Mainz from a print shop that is not Gutenberg's.
1472—Printing spreads to Esslingen.
1473—Aside from liturgies, the earliest known book that contains musical notation printed from movable type is printed.
1467—Printing spreads to Augsburg.
1471—Gunter Zainer, the first Augsburg printer, releases the first of a series of illustrated books.
1460—The first subject illustrations appear in printed books.
1461—The earliest dated book in the German language, Der Edelstein (Fables in German), is printed.
Pilsen, Czech Republic
1468—The first known work printed in Czechoslovakia and in the Czech language appeared in Pilsen.
1475—A book was produced in modern day Wroclaw, Poland, which was Breslau, Germany at the time.