Harry Ransom CenterThe University of Texas at Austin

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The Woodward and Bernstein Waterate Papers

Deep Throat Exposed

On June 19, 1972, while pursuing leads about one of the burglars caught in the Democratic National Headquarters two days earlier, Bob Woodward called a friend at the FBI. This was the first of at least seventeen contacts between Woodward and his friend, FBI Associate Director Mark Felt. Woodward's accounts of these meetings in All the President's Men (1974) and The Secret Man: The Story of Watergate's Deep Throat (2005) indicate that between June 1972 and November 1973, Woodward called Felt seven times, and met him once at his FBI office for an on-the-record interview, once at Felt's house, once at a bar in Prince George's County, Maryland, once at an undisclosed location, and six times in a parking garage in Rosslyn, Virginia.

Woodward never took notes when meeting with Felt, but would often type memos of their conversations soon after they talked. Some conversations were so specific or short that no memo was written. Regardless, Felt would not allow Woodward to quote him or identify him as a source. He resisted providing Woodward with new information, preferring to confirm information already known by Woodward or suggest a particular path of investigation.

Felt's role was revealed for the first time when All the President's Men was published in 1974, but only as a source nicknamed Deep Throat. His identity remained a well guarded secret until May 2005 when Vanity Fair magazine published Felt's announcement that "I'm the guy they called Deep Throat."

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