Art Deco takes its name from the 1925 Paris Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes. Paris was an exciting place in the years between the two World Wars, when gay manner and Art Deco were in vogue. Demetre Chiparus (1886-1947) is considered to be one of the most outstanding sculptors of this period. He produced works in bronze and ivory, a technique known as chryselephantine. The inspirations for his sculptures came from Diaghilev's Ballets Russes, the stage designs of Leon Bakst, haute couture, and the Parisian music halls. His works are stylish and fanciful and capture the spirit of the Art Deco era at its liveliest and decorative best.
The Ransom Center has in its holdings two Chiparus sculptures from the Miguel Gonzalez-Gerth Collection, "Le Guetteur" (The Archer) and "Les Amis Toujours" (Friends Always).