Harry Ransom CenterThe University of Texas at Austin

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The title page of Luis de Camões, Os Lusiadas, the Portuguese national epic (1572), with a manuscript describing Camões's death on the facing page.

International Literature


See African Studies

Australian and New Zealand

The vast collection of C. Hartley Grattan (1902-1980) is one of the largest outside of the Pacific Rim. Within the collection are Australian literary publications from the eighteenth through twentieth centuries, including novels, poetry, and drama, as well as literary magazines dating from the 1920s. Grattan's correspondence with Australian writers such as Eleanor Dark, Miles Franklin, Nettie and Vance Palmer, and Katharine Susannah Prichard are also present.

In the collection of R. G. Howarth, editor of the Australian literary journal Southerly, is his library of over two thousand books and periodicals of Australian and New Zealand literature, along with manuscripts and correspondence of Joseph Furphy, Norman Lindsay, and Hugh McCrae.

In addition, one hundred eighty-two of Christina Stead's (1902-1983) letters to Stanley Burnshaw are here, as well as a collection of the manuscripts and correspondence of storyteller and radio broadcaster Iris Milutinovic (1910-1986).

Additional Australian holdings include smaller collections of materials for poet, translator, and politician James Griffyth Fairfax (1886-1976), writer and scholar Jack Lindsay (1900-1990), and novelist Philip Lindsay (1906-1958).


Guiana-born novelist and poet Wilson Harris (b. 1921) is represented by early works, as well as manuscript and typescript material for Resurrection at Sorrow Hill and Jonestown. The archive also includes a twenty-year correspondence between Harris and Michael Thorpe.

The papers of Trinidadian-born writer Samuel Selvon (1923-1994) contain notebooks and manuscripts for six of his novels, including Moses Ascending.


See French Literature

German and Scandinavian

The Charles Parish Bohemica Collection contains early histories, mostly in German, dating from 1475 to the 1800s. The library of Richard Alewyn, leading authority on German and European Baroque literature, is also housed at the Center. The collection of Frieda Lawrence (1879-1956) contains correspondence (including letters in German), diaries, and essays. Also present are drafts of Not I, But the Wind, a memoir of her life with D.H. Lawrence, as well as "And the Fullness Thereof," parts of which were later published in Frieda Lawrence, the Memoirs and Correspondence. German playwright and poet Ernst Toller (1893-1939) is also represented by a small collection of manuscripts and correspondence.

The Knopf, Inc. archive includes extensive collections of correspondence with Thomas Mann, Sigrid Undset, and Knut Hamsen.

India and Pakistani

Manuscripts and correspondence of Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) may be found in the Alice Corbin Henderson collection.

Mulk Raj Anand (1905-2004) is represented by typescript and holograph manuscripts for his 1945 novel Coolie.

The extensive collection of R. K. Narayan (1906-2001) contains business and personal correspondence, typescripts and holograph fragments, interviews, newspaper and magazine clippings, royalty statements and business papers.

The papers of Anita Desai (b. 1937) contain holograph manuscripts and typescript drafts for all of her novels from her first book, Cry, the Peacock (1963), through Journey to Ithaca (1995); works for children; introductions, prefaces, reviews, essays, speeches, and lectures; and correspondence.

The collection of Goan poet Dom Moraes (1938-2004) includes notebooks, holograph and typescript drafts of poems, journal and newspaper articles, screenplays, translations, published and unpublished books, and correspondence.

Manuscripts of Pakistani writer Zulfikar Ghose (1935-) include drafts of published and unpublished works, some personal papers, and correspondence of figures such as Wilson Harris, B. S. Johnson, Christopher Middleton, A. C. H. Smith, and most notably, six boxes representing both sides of the correspondence between Ghose and American novelist Thomas Berger.

The papers of G. V. Desani (1909-2000), experimental novelist, journalist, and professor of philosophy at The University of Texas, allow scholars to study the text and backgrounds of his major work, All about H. Hatterr.

Notable holdings in British literary works about India include a range of materials in the extensive Rudyard Kipling manuscript collection and book holdings, heavily annotated manuscripts of Passage to India in the E. M. Forster collection, and notebooks and multiple drafts for The Raj Quartet in the Paul Scott collection.


A complete text of the Divina Commedia by Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), dated 1363, with annotations in various hands, makes an excellent source of textual comparison with the Center's first edition of the Commedia of 1472, published in Foligno. A related item is an extensively annotated edition of Dante con l'espositioni di Christoforo Landino (Venetia, 1596), an early work of literary criticism by a celebrated scholar of the Renaissance. Other humanist manuscripts include a 1450 copy of the Sonetti of Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374), a beautiful example of Renaissance illumination.

Although written in Latin, the Opera of Lucius Lactantius, published by Sweynheym and Pannartz in 1465 at the monastery of Subiaco, is important to Italian scholarship as one of the first books published in Italy.

The 922 volumes in the Aldine Collection represent the scholarly and innovative output of the printing press begun by Aldus Manutius (1449-1515) in Venice in 1494, and include works of philosophy, drama, and literature by most of the Greek, Latin, and early Italian writers. In all, the collection contains 526 titles, with multiple editions of some, and complete sets of several of the authors.

The Ranuzzi Collection, once owned by the manuscript collector Sir Thomas Phillipps, contains notable strengths in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century Italian literature and drama.

The archive of multinational novelist Carlo Còccioli (1920-2003), who wrote in Italian, French, and Spanish, contains over twenty manuscripts reflecting five decades of literary activity from 1948-1989. In the James Joyce Trieste Library are first editions of the novels of Italo Svevo (1861-1928), the Triestine author, whose psychological novels influenced Joyce. Other important modern manuscript holdings include a group of letters and manuscripts by writer and critic Benedetto Croce (1866-1952), the original manuscript for Carlo Levi's (1902-1975) novel Cristo si e' fermato a Eboli, several items by Luigi Pirandello (1867-1936), and the early poems and first novel of Paolo Volponi (1924-1994). Futurist manifestos by Marinetti and others are also represented.


A group of papers from several Russian critics and artists such as Alexander Benois (1870-1960) and Serge Soudeikine (1882-1946) is present here, as well as correspondence and manuscripts collected by The University's Institute of Modern Russian Culture. Russian-born journalist and novelist Elias Tobenkin (1882-1963) is represented by correspondence, clippings, and manuscript materials for all eight of his novels. Also present in his papers are news dispatches and drafts of non-fiction works treating Soviet politics and foreign affairs. The Russica Book Shop Collection contains materials on Russian ballet, theater, and cabaret and includes correspondence dating from the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries from several Russian writers. Diaries and correspondence of poet Nikolai Punin (1888-1953) are present. First editions of printed works include Solzhenitsyn's One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich and Biely's St. Petersburg.

Spanish and Portuguese

The Ransom Center houses several substantial collections of Spanish-language items pertaining to the Americas. Among these is a collection of 14,000 comedias sueltas. Published singly and usually distributed unbound, comedias sueltas were full-length and one-act plays printed from the seventeenth century on. The bulk of this collection belongs to the period after 1833, and provides an admirable source for research in the history of Spanish theater and Spanish printing, as well as textual criticism. About two hundred seventeenth- through nineteenth-century romances de ciegos, based on ballads sung by troubadours and printed as broadsides, are included in the collection.

Manuscripts for seven works by Spanish novelist and essayist Pío Baroja (1872-1956) are present, as well as the correspondence, notes, and biographical materials representing the career of Spanish literary critic Ricardo Gullón (1908-1991) during the period 1954-1973.

Latin American

Papers of famed Argentinean writer Jorge Luís Borges (1899-1986) are also here, and contain drafts of some of his earliest work, and stories printed on handbills that were plastered to Buenos Aires walls in the 1930s. Also present is a comprehensive collection of Borges' published work, complemented by correspondence, four notebooks in Borges' hand, a manuscript of two unpublished stories, and a corrected typescript draft of the short story "Emma Zunz."

The Octavio Paz (1914-1998) papers contain manuscripts as well as typescripts of several of Paz's most important essays in the original Spanish.

Many modern Latin American writers are well-represented in the archive of the literary magazine El Corno Emplumado, published in Mexico City (1960-1968).

The archive of American critic and translator Ronald Christ (b. 1936) contains published materials and ephemera relating to contemporary Hispanic arts and letters in Latin America, as well as Spain and the U.S. Works by Christ include The Narrow Act and interviews. Correspondence is with authors associated with Christ in his editorial capacity.

The Center holds an extremely rare 1572 edition of Os Lusiadas, the Portuguese national epic by Camões, with a manuscript account of the author's death.

For Latin American materials in Spanish, see Latin-American Studies